Timothy and Titus


Timothy and Titus, early bishops whose feast we celebrate today. They are disciples and companion of Paul. Gentiles and Jewish-Gentile ethnicity. Some say wow! The right hand man of Paul, for certain they must have been important. But wait, stop and think. Paul as not revered in society, they tossed him into jail. If Paul was the criminal, they were much less. Outcasts and deviant the three of them, yet these two served Paul, in the name of the LORD. Fact from fiction, truth separated like fire tried gold. For those that pray the Liturgy of them Hours, Paul is celebrated as Apostle. The other two with the Common of Pastors. Peter the Popa , and the Church is served. Outcasts, prisoners, and warriors; they fought for the faith. Timothy and Titus did not gain respect from men, their celebration is because they taught the will of the LORD. Esteemed now, not then. One must look at them in their culture and not through the rose-colored glasses of today. They went against the grain, they challenged and provoked and served. Uncelebrated, downcast, persecuted, yet resolute. Think about the outcast and mumble the reading of today:

Jesus said to the crowds:
“This is how it is with the Kingdom of God;
it is as if a man were to scatter seed on the land
and would sleep and rise night and day
and the seed would sprout and grow,
he knows not how.
Of its own accord the land yields fruit,
first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear.
And when the grain is ripe, he wields the sickle at once,
for the harvest has come.”

They were the seed that bore fruit, against all odds. Trampled and scattered, yet they still grew; and they did so against all odds. Let me correct myself, it was not they who grew. It was the message they spread, and scattered, and nurtured. It took hold, that word of God. For they were simple servants, let’s celebrate them. Today.

A sower sows, and nothing grows… .


On that day, Jesus went out of the house and sat down by the sea.
Such large crowds gathered around him
that he got into a boat and sat down,
and the whole crowd stood along the shore.
And he spoke to them at length in parables, saying:
“A sower went out to sow.
And as he sowed, some seed fell on the path…

Mt 13:1-23

And as he sowed, some fell on a path and some fell on amongst thorns and some fell on fertile ground. A farmer scattered seed. Broadcasting is the oldest of agricultural techniques. This parable of Jesus is about farming. It is about the farmer’s desire for a crop and all that is needed to bring that crop to fruition. It requires that farmer, and viable seeds, and suitable soil, and a suitable climate. The parable is about farming and possibly the best reference on environmental science and ecology. To bring a seed to fruition requires a good farmer, good seed, and a good environment. All are interconnected. Papa Francesco wrote an encyclical on the environment. Papa knows the environment is important. Farmers know the environment is important. World leaders know agriculture is important, without its products people starve. They die. Take a look at the world.

The goal of the parable farmer is to get his seeds to land on fertile soil, there it had the best chance to grow. The agricultural scientist knows that fertile soil is a perishable commodity. Fertile soil becomes barren if not properly tended. In countries where deforestation is rampant, once fertile soil is vulnerable to erosion. If not stabilized by the roots of the plants, it is quickly washed into the sea. Europe’s churches were once fertile fields, today so many are barren. The crop needs fertile soil, and soil often needs a crop to keep it fertile. That is a lesson in ecology. Church Ecology 101. Church needs parishioners, and parishioners need churches. Each keeps the other fruitful. But what happened the agricultural scientist ponders, the ecologist wonders. The pope wrote an encyclical on the environment. He wondered too. What taints fertile soil.

What taints fertile soil? There are many things. One common technique of the ancient warriors was to salt the enemies fields, by deliberately poisoning its fields the warrior could destroy the crop. Fertile soil made barren deliberately. Today often a culprit is pollution, the fields are tainted through neglect. No one kept a watchful eye or inquisitive mind on the quality of water entering the irrigation ditches. Poisoned fields lead to poisoned crops. And how does this relate to the fields that are Christs Church? I ask, but I wonder if I should answer.

Jesus in His parable discusses the relation of seed to field. One topic the Good LORD does not mention is the atmosphere. Two thousand years ago #ClimateChange was not a priority. Today it is a prominent topic among politicians. As the earth’s climate can change, so can a political climate change. As a political climate can change so can a sociological and ethical climate change? As an ethical climate can change, so to can a moral climate. As a moral climate shifts, so does the religious climate. The success of a seeds germination is not only dependent on soil, it is also dependent on atmosphere. A common concern of the environmental scientist is air pollution. The pope wrote an encyclical on the environment, he was concerned too. Today the environmental scientist knows much about air pollution because much data has been collected. I wonder if Francis has the same. Air (waves) can be toxic, clouds can be seeded, and droughts can occur. Clean rainwater can lead to a fruitful harvest, acid rain can destroy the heartiest crop. Jesus spoke in parables so that people might ask questions. Churches depend on air. John Paul the second asked that the Churches windows be opened for a breath of fresh air. He stated that both lungs must fill with that air so that the Body might live to its fullest. Church and atmosphere can be related, what are its pollutants, its acid rain? The pope wrote an encyclical on the environment, he was concerned. Jesus told a parable. (i might add more later)

Thus says the LORD:
Just as from the heavens
the rain and snow come down
and do not return there
till they have watered the earth,
making it fertile and fruitful,
giving seed to the one who sows

Is 55:10-11

Fifteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time
Lectionary: 103

Friday of the Third Week in Ordinary Time


A person can always get into a bit of trouble when writing on a parable, especially if that person tries to explain the true meaning of those little stories. That trouble comes from the very design of the parable, first they are not intended to have only one true interpretation and second they tend to bring up as many questions as answers. They are designed to prompt one to think and ponder upon an easily remembered story. Both he sower and the mustard seed (Mk 4:26-34) are ones I have thought and rambled about in the past. Frequently my writing on the Mustard plant and its seeds border on botany lessons, and again today I will give a brief botanical description of one aspect of a Mustard Tree. In Jesus’s parable he describes it as “But once it is sown, it springs up and becomes the largest of plants.” The Mustard Tree can survive a variety of environments. It is salt tolerant, and can survive in both the arid desert and well watered soil. It can grow both in nutrient deficient rocky soil, and in the fertile field. When grown in a harsh environment such as the desert and rocky barren soil, it takes the shape of a gnarly indistinct shrub. Passers by would scarcely notice it. When planted near a stream or well watered and fertile soil it grows into a magnificent tree; a perfect place for the desert wander to find shade from a burning noontime sun.

Wheat and Weeds, 16 Sunday OT


Jesus spent a lot of time with farmers! Today He tells the parable of the farmer who plants good seed while his enemy sabotages his efforts with weeds. The story goes that the wheat and the weeds should grow together and then be separated at harvest. The point is that both good and evil do coexist in this world, but will eventually be separated. To anybody that has ever seen a wheat field infested with weeds, it is easy to understand the difficulty of trying to de-weed a field. The grain farmer also is aware that the part of the wheat that is retained during the harvest is the seed grains. In ancient times trying to gather grain from a weed infested field might actually be a reasonable occurrence. The point being that Jesus parable is closely related to actual scenario’s His audience might have dealt with. As a side note could I draw attention to the gospel passage where Jesus is reprimanded for gleaning some wheat from a field in the Sabbath? It would not have mattered to him if that particular field was overgrown with weeds, in gleaning that grain he did indeed separate the wheat from the weed. As Jesus gleaned that wheat, he also gleaned his followers from a symbolically weed infested area. I mention these points only because Jesus did indeed separate wheat from weed, he separated good from evil. His gospel, good news, draws a fruitful harvest.

His parable draws attention to that very fact that good and evil are allowed to exist together according to Gods plan. We are given that choice through free will. The parable is also a reminder that evils fate does have its consequences. Though that parable describes evils destruction at the harvest, it might be wise to note that we do not know when that harvest will be. Is it wise or useful to think of the harvest only at the end of our lifetime or some time in an infinitely distant future? Personally I don’t think so! I would rather like to think of that field harvested perpetually throughout the season. Though good and evil do coexist free will does allow us to strive for good. We too can glean even a few wheat grains from a field of weeds. Interpreting this parable it also helps to think like Jesus audience, especially those farmers within that audience. Those farmers did know that while much of the weeds invasion was beyond their control, they could at least predict to a small extent if a field would be overgrown with weeds. Much of the success depended on the amount of rainfall. Too much in one direction produced weeds and in the other wheat. It required diligence. In a spiritual life that diligence is prayer. It is the Son of Mans Angels that destroy the weeds at the harvest, what better way is there to attract an Angel other than prayer? While weeds exist in that field, one cannot lose sight that the Wheat also exists, though evil exists in this world one cannot overlook the good. If weeds can overtake a wheat field, can’t wheat also transform a field of weeds? All that it takes is effort and prayer to reap a successful harvest.

the Sower: 15 Sunday OT


Fifteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time
Lectionary: 103

The parable of the sewer’s sower sews seeds and they fall a bunch of different places. Does the sower care where they fall? I would think so, but then again that pitcher of seeds has only so much control. To sow is to be knowledgeable that not every seed will be fruitful. Of course some will get lost. Every farmer who broadcasts seeds knows this, but is this parable addressed to the agricultural community? I don’t think so! It is aimed at the church goer, the followers of that Storyteller. Look at that priest at the front of the church (and the Eucharistic ministers) and watch them broadcast that seed. Is the parable addressed to them? Perhaps. Should they be mindful of their aim? Are they mindful of the harvest? Should they pitch more to the left or right?  Look where that Eucharist host lands. Its size is but a few wheat seeds, does it hit rock or soil, or will it get crowded out once it walks through the door?

That might be a modern way of looking at this parable, after all many will hear it within the walls of a church. For the original audience though, what would they hear and see? They likely would be outdoors, perhaps overlooking a field, and they might have been the ones that tossed the seeds about that plot. Many of Jesus’s audience were peasant farmers, and they were quite familiar with the task of broadcasting seed. Perhaps Jesus spoke from one of the peasants own fields.

There is a chance too that while Jesus spoke of this parable, those peasants might have been gazing on another field which was planted by the Romans. Both the peasants and the Romans fields were quite distinguishable. For the peasant of Galilee, theirs was the age old hoe to scrape the ground and a bag of seed to toss. Theirs was an individual effort, and labor intensive. They reaped what they had sown, and I am sure that with every swing of that hoe they prayed to their God that their efforts not be in vain. For the Romans things were different. They were not peasant farmers, they were among the first agriculturalists. Their tool was not the hoe, and they were not the independent farmer. Theirs was the large scale industrial farming ma de possible with the plow. Many tilled the soil, many planted the seeds, and few reaped the rewards.

How much different this story must have sounded to the peasant. That peasant could have planted the seeds on their own plot, or on the field of the Romans. For that peasant all sorts of things could have entered their thought. Theirs could have been hostility toward the Romans for forced labor and stolen grain. Theirs could have been amazement at the productivity through the use of the plough and organized labor. They might have even found humor when those great Roman wheat fields became overgrown with mustard weed, perhaps proof certain that their God had avenged the poor peasant.

Perhaps the moral of the parable derives something from the audience who first heard it? I am not certain that I am the one to explain the meaning of any parable, and most have endless interpretations anyway. The interpretation does to some extent depend on the audiences personal experiences. A parable on farming would certainly resonate strongly with farmers, this story would have particular poignancy to a farming community that was under such radical change.  If there is one point that might be applied to this it is that all of the harvest is dependent on God. Technical marvels might play a role, though it was God that gave the intellect for their development. An expanded labor force can certainly harvest a greater yield, but whether it be wheat or weeds is still in God’s hands. Perhaps too it was easy for the Jewish peasant to see the curse that was the Roman Empire, but perhaps they were blind to some of the blessings those occupiers brought. For all of the bitterness they caused, that Roman Empire also had its successes. It had the ability to cultivate fields, irrigate them, and deliver grains to its people through its roads. Not all of their efforts were evil, and I wonder how many peasants envied their success?